Acronym: Transport International Routier (international road transport)
The TIR convention is an international system which simplifies and accelerates the international transport of goods by road. The principle is straightforward – rather than multiple customs controls at every border, customs authorities seal compartments from the country of origin and unseal them at the country of arrival. Multiple controls are thus avoided whilst maintaining optimal reliability. This streamlining of procedures provides the advantage of reduced waiting times at borders and reduced transport costs.
The TIR system was created by the convention relative to the international transport of goods by road in 1959. The of the United Nations, created in 1975 has been in application since 20 March 1978. Over 70 countries have signed the convention and another twenty or more countries wish to sign it. It’s worth pointing out that international transit operations under TIR do not require national documents. The containers are secured, and goods do not require additional checks.
The mobilizes diverse actors:
Being highly regulated, TIR transport responds to certain requirements criteria, as follows:
The system is as advantageous for transporters as it is for authorities. Indeed, logistics companies appreciate:
services are also in favor of the for the following reasons:
Now available in digital format, the TIR has gained in rapidity, simplicity and reliability. The information is available in real time, which allows for online surveillance, greater security and flexibility in terms of guarantees.
34,000 specialized companies use the .
1.2 million TIR transits were made in 2017.
Savings in transport times can reach as much as 80% according to estimations.
Up to 38% in cost savings can also be expected.
EEC regulation n° 2112/78 of the Council of 25 July 1978 Council