What is a swap body ?
A swap body is an transport unit (ITU) used to transport goods by land.
This is a lightweight body able to be transferred from a lorry to a railway wagon and vice versa.
It is not equipped with wheels unlike a trailer; a swap body stands on 4 brackets on the ground.
From the outside, look like ISO containers, which are widely used in .
However, they differ from containers in several respects:
There are several types of depending on the type of goods being transported:
During transhipment, are handled vertically or horizontally.
This is the most common handling technique for loading . This requires the use of cranes and vertical handling machines equipped with a spreader.
This component equipped with grapple clamps is used to lift the swap body to the level of the lower frame to load it on the trailer or the wagon.
After loading on the trailers, the bodies are locked to the frame using systems similar to those used for containers.
Horizontal handling consists of placing a lorry and a railway wagon side by side and sliding the swap body sideways.
This technique is common in the Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria and Germany.
It is based on the use of lorries with 4 or 5 axles equipped with a hook or a chain, railway wagons with rotating frames and ACTS containers on wheels.
A swap body measures 45 feet in length, that is to say 13m 40. That is 5 feet longer than a traditional container.
The width of a traditional swap body is 2550 mm, or 2600 mm for a refrigerated swap body.
It can contain 33 pallets each measuring 80x120cm.
Data sheets from the International Union of Railways (UIC) for the transhipment of using the railway:
Standards applicable to :
EN 14 993 A13.71.