Picking refers to the operation consisting in collecting all products pertaining to a customer’s order from the area or shop. In modern companies, is done by an employee, equipped with a terminal that has a screen displaying the full list of products, or that vocally describes all the items to be prepared. The second solution is known as voice . This list is contained in a file generated by electronic data interchanges (EDIs). Orders are checked, then the IT tool generates a list of items.
The purpose of picking is to rationalise recurring logistical operations. The agent uses hoisting machines suitable for grabbing items stocked on racks or special units. In some companies, the picking process is done by autonomous robots. Once the orders are complete, they are placed on a packaging chain where identification elements are added prior to delivery to the right address. Now ready, the order is loaded into the transporter’s vehicle.
Using a portable terminal or computerised internal memory, an employee or autonomous robot maximises production by rationalising movement to and from the aisles. They check items ordered by different customers yet sent to the same place.
Processes may vary depending on the logistician or company’s internal organisation, type of product sold and volume to be processed and dispatched. Three main types of activities are run in logistical companies:
In aiming to reach these production goals, the methods implemented to help the agents are named:
methods vary greatly depending on the order, and several methods are sometimes used in the same warehouse:
Robots or humans have all the information to do with bar-codes, item location (labels to know where they are in the area, what aisle, what shelf, etc.), single or multiple order , order rationalisation whilst considering bulk breaking, increased productivity by reducing distances.
Order preparation through concerns all sorts of products and items stored in full pallets, full boxes or consumer sales units.
Picking rationalisation works best:
By assessing different types of , and applying the one that best suits your company - including automatic conveyor belt .