is a combination of two means of transport: truck transport and rail transport. These two sectors are sometimes competitors and sometimes allies, and transport similar or very different kinds of goods. Truck transportation is the form of road transport most used in France.
Both means have their strengths and weaknesses. is less expensive, yet more polluting than rail transport. The latter is better-suited to non-bulk, light or disparate deliveries.
Each product type has its own truck best suited for delivery:
Overland transportation is done by rail 9% of the time in France.
France has an extremely high-performance rail network, that links all major French cities and most European capitals. This serves as a huge advantage for logisticians wishing to deliver bulk goods over long distances.
consumes about 16 million tonnes of fuel equivalent per year. Over 95% are in the form of petrol-derived fuel, given the trucks’ high consumption levels.
represents a total consumption of 44 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year, i.e. 10% of France’s CO2 emissions. Trucks represent 50% of this, smaller vans 48%, and rail transport only 1% (Source: The Shift Project/Datalab).
Increasing to 18% would save 8 million tonnes of CO2 per year. This level could only be reached as of 2030, given the major investments required for this kind of transport.
For now, road transport appears to be the most competitive. In France, sticks by its low prices, practicality for all product types, and the presence of loading and unloading terminals throughout the entire country. Quite naturally, ecological factors are still a source of debate.
France boasts vast transport infrastructures:
(EEC) ACTE Regulation no. 881/92 adjudicated by the Council on 26 March 1992 pertaining to access to the goods transport market via road infrastructures within the European Community, departing from or arriving in a Member State’s territory, or crossing one or several Member States’ territories.
 Source of the figures: https://www.ecologie.gouv.fr/informations-cles-du-secteur-du-transport-marchandises-trm /https://www.vie-publique.fr/en-bref/275544-transport-le-marche-ferroviaire-en-2019