Full term: convention relative to international transport contract of goods by road
The convention of transport of goods by road is an international convention ratified by all European countries and standardizes conditions of road freight. It regulates transport of goods by road contracts, also called a bill of lading, a document by which the transporter acknowledges his responsibilities.
The was signed in Geneva, 19 May 1956. According to this convention, the document is obligatory if either the country of departure or destination has signed the convention. logistics regulates the entirety of the general conditions relative to international transport of goods by road.
The founding members are France, Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden and Poland. Today, all countries of the European Union have signed the convention. The has also been adopted by Morocco, Tunisia, as well as several countries in the Middle East and Central Asia.
The transport document helps to oversee the smooth execution of road transport services between several countries. The document provides:
It also outlines the regulations relative to any eventual claims and successions of the transporters.
Though legally, there isn’t a required minimum number of copies of the , it is recommended that there should be at least three original copies. They are destined for:
The transporter is required to keep his copy in the vehicle. He must be able to present the document to authorities during any checks.
By law, the document must be written before the execution of the transport contract. However, there has been no precision given as who must issue the document. Therefore, the can be written by the expediter, recipient or the transporter.
In general, the transporter usually takes charge of writing the document. Though the format has not been standardized by the authorities, the mention of certain information is obligatory, as follows:
The transporter is considered as responsible in the following cases:
However, the transporter can be released of any liability if:
Articles on the Convention relative to the international transport of goods by road contract
(site : www.unece.org)